Your child's early years progress

What should my child be learning?

The Early Years Foundation Stage framework sets out seven key areas of learning and development. The activities your child takes part in should be based on these areas:

​Areas of learning and development ​​Aspects
​Prime areas​​​Personal, social and emotional development​Making relationships
​​Self-confidence and self-awareness
​​​Managing feelings and behaviour
​Physical development​​Moving and handling
​​Health and self-care
​Communication and language ​ ​​​Listening and attention
​ ​
​Specific areas​​Literacy​Reading
​​Space, shape and measure
Understanding the world​​People and communities
​The world
​Expressive arts and design​​Exploring and using media and materials
​Being imaginative

To help you as a parent or carer to find out more about how your child is learning and developing during their first five years, in relation to the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) there is a useful booklet called What to Expect, When.

How can I find out how my child is progressing?

The Early Years Foundation Stage states that your child should have a ‘key person’ for children under 5 years old, who is responsible for putting together information on how your child is developing. There should be an opportunity to share this information with you and for you to share your own impressions and build on what your child is learning at home.

2 Years Progress Check

When your child is aged between 24 and 36 months your Health Visitor will invite you to a two to two-and-a-half-years health review as part of Healthy Child Programme. At this meeting you will need to take a short written summary of your child’s development provided by your childcare provider in the three prime learning and development areas of the Early Years Foundation Stage.

This is called a Progress Check at Age Two. It has been introduced to enable early identification of your child’s development needs so that any additional support can be put into place.

What support is there if my child has special education needs or a disability (SEND)?

  • Your childcare provider (if offering funded places) is required to follow the principles of the SEND Code of Practice 0 to 25 years. You should have opportunity to discuss with your childcare provider how your child’s individual needs will be supported through a targeted approach which may include working with other professionals.
  • Our SEND Support Services  supports children aged 0 to 19 years who have additional educational needs, developmental delay or disability. They help empower and support families and early years settings, pre-schools, playgroups, nurseries and childminders.
  • The Local Offer is a directory of local and national services for children and young people (aged 0-25) with special educational needs and disabilities.
  • The Northants Parents Forum Group is a parent led support group that represents the views of parents of children with SEND.